Understanding Fresh Food E-Commerce in China
Chinese consumers are buying more and more online, and fresh food has become a new category they increasingly look for.
- The gross merchandise volume (GMV) of China’s fresh food e-commerce market is expected to increase 160% to ¥162.0 billion in 2019 from ¥62.2 billion in 2016, according to iiMedia.
- Most fresh food e-commerce shoppers are millennials—those born in the 1980s and 1990s. Convenience and time-saving are key factors driving consumers to buy fresh food online.
- There are three primary types of fresh food e-commerce operations in China: vertical fresh food e-commerce specialists, comprehensive e-commerce platforms and online-to-offline (O2O).
- Due to the perishable nature of fresh food, the category requires hefty investments to build the cold chain logistics needed to complete last-mile delivery. Consumers’ expectation of fast delivery and the heavy investment required are key challenges for fresh food e-commerce operators.