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Shifting Payment Infrastructure—The Path to Frictionless Checkout and Decentralized Commerce

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Coresight Research
Free Report

What's Inside

As more and more consumers experiment with new shopping channels and alternative payment methods (APMs), retailers need to develop their existing payment infrastructure to deliver a satisfying digital consumer experience.

In this report, we cover the key points of the shifting payment infrastructure in retail, including:

  • The rise of APMs, checkout experiences and decentralized commerce
  • How high-friction online checkouts lead to cart abandonment
  • How one-click technology leads to higher conversion rates
  • The increasing number of retailers who have started accepting cryptocurrency

This report is published in collaboration with Bolt, a leading innovator in the payments and checkout space.

Click here to read more Innovator Research from Coresight Research.

Contents (Click to navigate)

Introduction

Digital Payments and Checkout: Consumer Trends

The Role of Social Media in Shopping: Checking Out at the Point of Discovery

High Online Cart-Abandonment Rates at Checkout

The Evolution of Payment Technology

Applications of One-Click Checkout Technology

Moving Toward Decentralized Commerce

Acceptance of Cryptocurrency as Payment

Company Overview: Bolt

What We Think

Executive Summary

In this report, we explore how the rise of online checkout experiences and decentralized commerce is contributing to the shifting payment infrastructure in retail. We also profile Bolt, a leading innovator in the payments and checkout space. This report forms part of our Innovator Intelligence series, which focuses on emerging technologies that are disrupting traditional retail and fueling innovation across the value chain.

We cover the key points of the shifting payment infrastructure in retail, including the rise of checkout experiences and decentralized commerce:

  1. Consumers feel comfortable using alternative payment methods (APMs) when shopping online—A Coresight Research survey of 500 US consumers, conducted in March 2022, found that the top four APMs were digital wallets, gift cards, prepaid cards and buy now pay later (BNPL).
  2. Consumers increasingly use social media for retail inspiration and shopping—Our Coresight Research US social commerce survey, conducted in March 2022, found that 65% of respondents use social media as part of the shopping process and 55% of respondents make purchases on social media.
  3. High friction in online checkouts leads to high cart abandonment rates—A study from Baymard Institute shows that about 70% of online shopping carts are abandoned prior to purchase, indicating retailers are failing to convert interested shoppers on their websites.
  4. One-click checkout technology helps power higher conversions—One-click checkout technology is helping retailers enable frictionless checkout at the point of discovery and enhance their payment infrastructure.
  5. Retailers are shifting toward a decentralized model—Blockchain technology, cryptocurrency and one-click checkout technology are helping accelerate the shift to a more decentralized retail model without the need for large, centralized marketplaces like Amazon.
  6. More retailers have started accepting cryptocurrency—According to a survey by Worldpay and Crypto.com, 80% of merchants in both the retail & grocery and luxury goods sectors stated that they were open to receiving payment in cryptocurrency.

What We Think: Shifts in consumer trends and advancing technology are influencing the shifting payment infrastructure, including the advance of online checkout experiences and the retail industry’s shift to a decentralized model. We believe these trends are poised to continue and that retailers should develop their payment infrastructure around catering to the digital consumer experience to attract new shoppers and stay competitive in a saturated online retail market.

Introduction

What’s the Story?

More consumers are experimenting with new shopping channels and alternative payment methods (APMs) in search of improved convenience in the online shopping journey, even as peak pandemic effects subside. Shifts in consumer trends, including the rising use of online checkout services, social commerce, APMs and cryptocurrency as retail payment, are prompting retailers to develop their existing payment infrastructure and technology stack to deliver an enhanced digital consumer experience.

While e-commerce continues to grow, there are still numerous pain points for both merchants and shoppers in the online space. For example, shoppers often experience high friction during digital checkout due to lengthy and complicated processes. Furthermore, merchants that participate in large, centralized marketplaces (such as Amazon and eBay) to operate online and extend their consumer reach must pay high fees and have limited ability to scale.

In this report, we explore consumer trends in digital payments and discuss the shift to frictionless checkout through decentralized commerce.
This report is published in collaboration with Bolt, a leading innovator in the payments and checkout space.

Why It Matters

We estimate that total online retail sales in the US (excluding automobiles) will total $993 billion in 2022 and grow to over $1.5 trillion by 2027, representing a CAGR of 9.4%. We estimate that online retail sales will account for 27.8% of total retail sales in 2027.

As online retail sales grow, consumer demand increases for retailers to develop their payment infrastructure accordingly, including by adopting digital payments, cryptocurrencies and APMs.

According to Statista, the total worldwide transaction value for digital payments is set to increase at a CAGR of 12.8% between 2022 and 2026, to $13.9 trillion.

Digital Payments and Checkout: Consumer Trends

The Rise of APMs

Consumers are increasingly exploring the benefits of various APMs when shopping online, amid advances in payment technology and increased engagement with innovative shopping channels. Young, tech-savvy generations—Gen Zers and millennials—are leading the APM adoption charge.

A Coresight Research survey of consumers in the US and Canada, conducted in March 2022, found that higher proportions of Gen Zers and millennials used digital wallets, prepaid cards and BNPL in the 12 months prior to the survey than the proportions of respondents overall.


Figure 1. APMs Used by Consumers in the Past 12 Months: Overall and by Gen Zers/Millennials (% of Respondents)

Figure 1. APMs Used by Consumers in the Past 12 Months
Respondents could select multiple options
Base: 237 consumers across the US and Canada aged 18+, surveyed in March 2022
Source: Coresight Research

 

Below, we explore consumer adoption of two most technologically innovative APMs, digital wallets and BNPL.

Digital Wallets

Consumers continue to adopt digital wallets, such as Apple Pay and PayPal, as they are convenient, accessible and secure, allowing shoppers to skip entering shipping and payment information when shopping online. Juniper Research estimates that the value of mobile wallet transactions globally will grow to $9.4 trillion by 2025, up from an estimated $6.5 trillion in 2022—representing a CAGR of 13.2%.

BNPL

While BNPL companies such as Affirm and Afterpay gained popularity during the pandemic, our March 2022 survey shows continued momentum in consumer interest, even as pandemic effects subside: among the American and Canadian consumers who are either interested in BNPL or are already regular or occasional users of this APM, more than half expect to maintain or increase their frequency of BNPL usage in the next year.

BNPL is becoming increasingly popular due to the immediate affordability granted through payment plans amid the highest inflation in four decades.

Retailers should look to implement BNPL options to enhance their payment infrastructure and attract shoppers.

The Role of Social Media in Shopping: Checking Out at the Point of Discovery

Consumers continue to discover retail inspiration when browsing online, including on social media. Retailers that make it easy for consumers to seamlessly pay for products they are interested in can convert inspiration to sales quickly on the same platform.

Coresight Research’s US social commerce survey from March 2022 found that nearly two-thirds of consumers use social media as a part of the shopping process (Figure 2).


Figure 2. US Consumers’ Use of Social Media: Overall and for Shopping (% of Respondents)

Figure 2. US Consumers’ Use of Social
Base: 1,375 US respondents aged 18+, surveyed in March 2022
Source: Coresight Research

 

However, while plenty of shoppers research or discover products while browsing on social media, 75% of these respondents reported that they abandon purchases at least sometimes. Among that subset of respondents, the top reasons for giving up on making a purchase via social media are as follows:

  1. It is easier to buy elsewhere (cited by 41% of respondents who use social media to research/discover products but abandon purchases at least sometimes)
  2. The page jumps to another website (34%)
  3. The user does not trust shopping on social media (31%)
  4. There is a lack of built-in payment functionality on the site (24%)

Retailers should focus their resources on creating a more seamless checkout experience on the social media channels consumers use most, as social media shoppers tend to shop more frequently than others: our survey found that of the respondents who browse products on social media, almost half (45%) do so once a week. Among those frequent browsers, more than half make a purchase via social media at least once a month.

High Online Cart-Abandonment Rates at Checkout

Around 70% of online shopping carts in the US are abandoned, according to Baymard Institute—indicating that retailers are failing to convert a high number of consumers who are on their website and interested in their offerings.

Three of the biggest friction points leading consumers to abandon carts are:

  1. Checkout is time-consuming—Checking out on many retailers’ websites can take a long time due to high complexity, redirection to different websites and lengthy entry of shipping and payment information. This results in consumers thinking they would be better off using a channel with a quicker checkout system that stores shipping and payment information, such as Amazon, to buy their desired product.
  2. Distrust of fraud protection—Many consumers lack trust in websites’ fraud protection, especially when using a new checkout software they are not familiar with. Furthermore, the online checkout process varies greatly between retailers, increasing the likelihood of shoppers feeling uncomfortable with a new checkout experience.
  3. Lack of APMs—Consumers may prefer to shop with retailers that accept APMs such as digital wallets, BNPL and cryptocurrency. Upon seeing that their preferred payment method is unavailable, a consumer may choose a shop that does accept APMs.

To improve online conversion rates, retailers can work with retail technology providers to integrate their checkout solutions, removing friction points in the checkout process and enhancing the consumer convenience.

The Evolution of Payment Technology

Applications of One-Click Checkout Technology

One-click checkout technology is revolutionizing the payment space and enabling retailers to provide a quick and easy checkout experience. By using safely stored, pre-entered shipping and payment information, one-click checkout allows customers to checkout securely with a single click, impacting e-commerce, payment infrastructure and retail discovery:

  • E-commerce—One-click checkout technology enables a frictionless checkout experience that decreases cart abandonment by reducing third-party website usage and removing the time required to enter shipping and payment information.
  • Payment infrastructure—The back-end function of one-click checkout technology utilizes several digital integrations, including with payment gateways and processors, to provide a seamless payment process.
  • Retail discovery—By closing the gap between browsing and buying, one-click checkout technology bolsters the importance and use of digital platforms that consumers use as a point of retail inspiration and discovery. Retailers can work with retail technology providers to embed one-click checkout in their sales channels, allowing consumers to quickly check out at the point of discovery rather than being redirected to a different website.

Retailers should assess whether their current payment infrastructure is optimized to enable high-quality checkout experiences for their shoppers—and implement technologies where necessary.


Figure 3. How One-Click Checkout Impacts E-Commerce, Payment Infrastructure and Retail Discovery

Figure 3. How One-Click Checkout Impacts E-Commerce
Source: Coresight Research

 

Moving Toward Decentralized Commerce

Previously, e-commerce has required a centralized authority, such as Amazon or eBay, that aggregates supply and demand channels within a marketplace to facilitate transactions between buyers and sellers. While this system facilitates transactions where parties can easily trust one another, a centralized system makes it hard for many mid-market and enterprise merchants to run their own independent e-commerce business without integrating into large marketplaces.

Advances in blockchain technology and cryptocurrency are supporting the decentralization of online retail through peer-to-peer computer systems and digital tokens. Additionally, the irreversible and secure nature of blockchain technology fosters an environment of mutual trust.

Headless E-Commerce

Headless e-commerce architecture is advancing retail’s shift to decentralized commerce by deconstructing the components of large, centralized marketplaces. Headless commerce means that the front-end code (head) is decoupled from back-end commerce functionality, which handles tasks such as merchandising and payment processing, enabling quick and easy front-end updates without interfering with the back end.

Key benefits of headless e-commerce architecture include increased flexibility and scalability, and shortened launch and website-update times.

Many retailers are prioritizing technology stack upgrades to keep up with recent retail trends. A Coresight Research survey, conducted in October 2021, of e-commerce leaders at US mid-sized companies found that:


Figure 4. US Mid-Size Retailers on Technology Stack Challenges and E-Commerce Operations Management (% of Respondents)

Figure 4. US Mid-Size Retailers on Technology Stack Challenges
Base: 122 e-commerce leaders at US mid-size companies, surveyed in October 2021
Source: Coresight Research

 

Many of these technical issues can be alleviated through the implementation of a headless structure, which moves away from a single code base and bolsters retailers’ operational efficiency and ability to scale. We believe that many retailers will need to—and will continue to—make the shift to a decentralized model for their e-commerce design architecture.

Acceptance of Cryptocurrency as Payment

The global pandemic and its impact on financial markets and technological advancement brought renewed interest in the application of cryptocurrency as a form of payment in the retail world. According to the White House’s briefing in March 2022, about 16% of the American public is already investing, trading or using cryptocurrency, indicating that many Americans have become familiar with or are already using cryptocurrency in some form, meaning retailers should weigh the benefits of accepting cryptocurrency at their establishments.

Another sign of the growing interest in cryptocurrency transactions are the increasing number of blockchain wallets being created. According to data from Blockchain.com, a cryptocurrency financial services company, the total number of unique wallets on their site sits at 82.8 million as of May 16, 2022, up from 46.9 million at the onset of the pandemic in 2020—a 77% year-over-two-year increase.


Figure 5. Total Number of Unique Blockchain.com Wallets Created (Left Axis; Mil.) and YoY Change (Right Axis; %)

Figure 5. Total Number of Unique Blockchain.com
Source: Blockchain.com

 

Meanwhile, many retail and foodservice companies, including The Home Depot, Starbucks and Whole Foods, have started accepting cryptocurrency in some form, while others are expressing interest in doing so—80% of merchants in the both the retail & grocery and luxury goods sectors stated that they were open to receiving cryptocurrency payments, according to a survey conducted in the fourth quarter of 2021, by Worldpay and Crypto.com.

Accepting cryptocurrency payments can bring in new customers, along with other benefits. A 2020 study by BitPay, a leading provider of Bitcoin and cryptocurrency payment services, found that 40% of customers who pay with cryptocurrency are new customers to a company, and customer purchase amounts are usually double those of credit card users.

As digital shopping grows in popularity, more consumers are turning to cryptocurrency as a payment method. We expect this trend to continue, driving retailers to advance their payment infrastructure to accept cryptocurrency, so as not to be left behind in a growing retail trend.

Company Overview: Bolt

Bolt is a checkout-technology company that enables retailers to provide their customers with a one-click checkout experience when shopping. The retail technology company was founded in 2014 by Ryan Breslow and is currently led by CEO Maju Kuruvilla and headquartered in San Francisco, California.

By facilitating a quick and easy one-click checkout experience, the company aims to narrow the gap between browsing and buying by removing friction in the online checkout process, including the need to memorize and fill out usernames, passwords and payment information, and giving shoppers their preferred method of payment. In doing so, Bolt assists retailers in enhancing their online checkout process and lowering checkout abandonment rates.

Bolt’s two core offerings to retailers are as follows:

  • CheckoutOS—A software that includes one-click checkout technology, payment orchestration and fraud protection among other features
  • The Bolt Network—A network that provides access to millions of online shoppers
Bolt’s CheckoutOS
Bolt’s CheckoutOS
Source: Bolt

 

How Does Bolt Enhance the Checkout Experience?

  • Reduces time: Consumers often view online checkout as time-consuming due to redirection to different websites and long shipping and payment information-entry processes. By utilizing pre-stored shipping and payment information tied to a shopper’s account, Bolt greatly reduces checkout times and allows shoppers to check out with one click, even at websites they have never visited before.
  • Fraud protected checkout: Fraud targeting digital payments has increased alongside the popularity of online shopping. As a result, many consumers do not trust the security of online checkout and the integrity of third-party payment websites. Bolt offers retailers and consumers assurance through its CheckoutOS software, which is equipped with fraud-protection technology that analyzes over 200 real-time behavioral signals and data points to determine if an order is fraudulent or genuine.
  • Alternative payment infrastructure: Pandemic-fueled retail trends have led consumers to demand that retailers accept APMs in place of more traditional payment methods. Bolt’s checkout software includes alternative payment options such as BNPL and digital wallets. With the company’s recent acquisition of cryptocurrency infrastructure company Wyre, Bolt plans to be “one of the first companies to enable retailers to accept cryptocurrency payment for both digital and physical goods in a seamless manner” (we discuss this acquisition in more detail in a later section).

Value Proposition for Retailers and Consumers

1. For Retailers:

  • Enables 47% higher conversion rates, according to Bolt, by removing friction points during the checkout process to facilitate a quicker end-to-end online shopping journey that narrows the gap between browsing and buying
  • Increases store account creation and ownership of first-party data, which merchants can utilize to recognize their shoppers and create personalized shopping experiences that lead to higher lifetime value (LTV) and shopper loyalty
  • Utilizes a headless approach to building one-click checkout options on a variety of digital surfaces, providing the flexibility to tie into different platforms and architecture

2. For Consumers:

  • Enables convenient and quick online checkout by removing the need to memorize and repeatedly enter usernames, passwords and payment information
  • Grants the ability to use alternative forms of payment instead of the traditional debit or credit card, including digital wallets, BNPL and cryptocurrency (with the planned acquisition of Wyre)—allowing consumers to use the payment method most convenient to them when checking out
  • Provides fraud protection, which assures consumers of the security behind their digital transactions, as well as real-time tracking capabilities and dashboards that enable users to stay on top of their orders

Bolt’s CheckoutOS: Software Features

Through the CheckoutOS e-commerce platform, retailers can power better checkout experiences through a headless, technology-agnostic structure. We present the key features of CheckoutOS in Figure 6.


Figure 6. Bolt’s CheckoutOS: Key Features

Metric Key Features
Bolt One-Click Checkout
  • Enables retailers and mid-market merchants to offer customers a quick, frictionless one-click checkout that removes the need to enter in account and payment information
  • Single-shopper ID enables one-click checkout across all Bolt merchants
  • Shoppers can choose from a variety of alternative payment methods, such as BNPL and cryptocurrency (available soon), when using one-click checkout
Digital Integrations
  • Integrates with hundreds of applications for tax, shipping, financing, back-office ERP (enterprise resource planning) and more
  • 200+ pre-built integrations, 100+ checkout customizations, support for mobile, web, tablet and remote, and A/B testing for conversion lift
Fraud Protection
  • Analyzes 200+ real-time behavioral signals and data points to identify potential fraud
  • High-level security including secure personally identifiable information, payments data and universal tokenization layer
SSO (Single Sign-On) Commerce
  • Redefines login/authentication layer for commerce by automatically creating accounts with retailers within Bolt network
  • Allows retailers to acquire more customer accounts, while giving shoppers a single, unified account that allows them to skip repetitive registration processes
Payments Orchestration
  • Utilizes payment processors, APMs, tokenization layer, intelligent routing, and A/B test acceptance rates to orchestrate the payment process
  • Retailers can use Bolt’s gateway integration with payment service providers that allow them to keep their current payment reporting and reconciliation systems
Analytics and Insights
  • Shopping data visualization to give retailers insight into consumer behaviors and preferences
  • Shopper demographic data giving insights into consumers’ profiles—including gender, income, age, location and more

Source: Bolt/Coresight Research

 

Recent Acquisitions: How Is Bolt Enhancing Existing Software?

Tipser Acquisition—Checkout at the Point of Inspiration

In 2021, Bolt acquired Swedish retail technology company Tipser. The company’s embedded commerce technology allows retailers and creators to turn any digital surface into a platform for purchasing. Bolt currently leverages Tipser’s turnkey publisher marketplaces, touchless merchant integrations and headless-commerce implementation capabilities to enhance Bolt’s Checkout Everywhere solution.

The solution enables retailers and creators to give their consumers one-click checkout options at the point of inspiration via a variety of digital surfaces. With the solution, retailers can capitalize on consumers browsing digital advertisements and convert inspiration into sales, all while receiving real-time data on consumer patterns and trends.

Wyre Acquisition—Acceptance of Cryptocurrency as Payment

In 2022, Bolt has announced its planned acquisition of cryptocurrency infrastructure provider Wyre. Through this acquisition, Bolt is assembling the technology and infrastructure required to offer a seamless and secure one-click checkout using cryptocurrency as an accepted form of payment.

This will enable shoppers to use cryptocurrency not only for digital assets such as non-fungible tokens (NFTs), but also for physical goods sold by Bolt merchants. The company’s integration of cryptocurrency and blockchain technology will help the company facilitate secure, peer-to-peer networks, contributing to the retail industry’s transition into a decentralized model of commerce.

Bolt’s Commerce Everywhere solution
Bolt’s Commerce Everywhere solution
Source: Bolt

 

What We Think

Recent consumer trends in the payments and checkout space, including the rise of checkout experiences, social commerce, and APMs, are forcing retailers to scrutinize and develop their existing payment infrastructure. By doing so, retailers can construct a seamless and quick checkout experience that enables consumer flexibility in using the payment method of their choice when shopping online. By making checkout experiences more enjoyable, retailers can reduce cart abandonment rates and convert higher numbers of browsing shoppers.

The advance of blockchain technology and cryptocurrency as a payment method have helped accelerate the retail industry’s shift to a decentralized model and is helping shift the current payment infrastructure. We believe that this shift is poised to continue, and retailers should consider whether upgrading their technology stack to a more decentralized model would yield their business benefits in the long run.

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